9.24.2016

Philippines Wins Miss United Continents 2016



Jeslyn Santos of the Philippines was crowned Miss United Continents 2016 ("Miss Continentes Unidos") in Guayaquil, Ecuador on September 24. She is the first Asian to have won this pageant which used to be called "Miss Continente Americano" until 2011. Jeslyn was crowned by outgoing queen Nathalia Paiva Lago of Brazil. Her court includes 1st runner-up Mette Riis Sørensen of Denmark, 2nd runner-up Lopamudra Raut of India, 3rd runner-up Taynara Gargantini of Brazil, 4th runner-up Cynthia Duque of Mexico, and 5th runner-up Rita Silvestre of Panama. Completing the top 10 were the delegates from Colombia, Thailand, South Africa and the Dominican Republic.


Photo credit: Miss United Continents

Ecuador Wins Miss Global 2016



Angela Bonilla, 24, representing Ecuador, was crowned Miss Global 2016 during a gala event held at the Philippine International Convention Center in Pasay City,  Philippines on September 24. She was crowned by her predecessor, Jessica Peart from Australia. Angela is the first Latina delegate to win the pageant which began in 2013. Her court includes 1st runner-up Camille CJ Herro of the Philippines, 2nd runner-up Caitlynn Henry of Australia, 3rd runner-up Nikola Bechynova of Czech Republic, and 4th runner-up Britt Roselyn Camillo Rekkedal of Norway. Forty-two young women from around the world including Iran competed in this year's edition. The pageant was co-hosted by former Miss Universe Natalie Glebova.

Angela represented Ecuador at last year's Miss Earth pageant. 




PHOTO CREDITS: FACEBOOK





9.18.2016

Miss Universe Bahamas 2016






Miss_Bahamas_Universe_2016_Cherell_Williamson_IMG_0345-008.jpg
Cherell Williamson crowned Miss Universe Bahamas - Photo: Draf Designs Photography for TheBahamasWeekly.com



Cherell Williamson of Nassau was crowned Miss Universe Bahamas 2017 on September 17. She will now compete in the next edition of Miss Universe pageant which is tentatively scheduled for January 30, 2017 in the Philippines. The first runner-up was Chivvaun Smith; the second runner-up was Erika Adderley, and Rokara Hepburn and Crystal Stubbs rounded out the top five. 



Outgoing queen Toria Nichole crowns Cherell Williamson - Photo: Draf Designs Photography for TheBahamasWeekly.com



Miss Denmark 2016



Helena Heuser was crowned Miss Denmark 2016 on September 17 at Docken Performing Arts Theater in Copenhagen. Heuser's court includes 1st runner-up  Fatoumata Camara, 2nd runner-up Elina Ea Dahl, 3rd runner-up  Jessie Llanes Tøttrup, and 4th runner-up Patricia Overgaard Christensen.

Heuser will now compete in the 66th edition of Miss World pageant to be held in Washington, D.C. on December 20th.


Photos: Peter Olsen/Omega Foto/missdanmark.dk 

Miss World Spain 2016




Raquel Tejedor Melendez from Aragón was  crowned Miss World Spain 2016 (Miss Mundo España 2016) on September 17 at the Teatro Auditorio de Salou. She was crowned by the reigning Miss World from Spain, Mireia Lalaguna. The first runner-up is Carla Font Cabrera of Lleida and the second runner-up is Miriam Paredes Gines of Madrid. 

Raquel will represent Spain in the 66th edition of Miss World to be held in Washington D.C on December 20th.  



9.13.2016

Dethroned Miss Universe Puerto Rico Kristhielee Caride Loses Her Lawsuit; Judge Says Her Dismissal Was Justified




A $3 million lawsuit filed by a former Puerto Rican beauty queen whose title was taken away for purported attitude problems has been dismissed by a judge.

Kristhielee Caride had sought to be reinstated as Puerto Rico's Miss Universe representative after losing her title earlier this year.

But on Tuesday, Superior Court Judge Eduardo Rebollo said in his ruling that Caride's behavior violated the terms of her contract with PR Crown Entertainment and the company was within its rights to sever the relationship.

'Her dismissal was justified,' Rebollo wrote.

Caride's attorney, Ernie Caban, could not be immediately reached for comment. A secretary said he would hold a news conference later.

The ruling concluded a nearly week-long trial that captivated pageant fans on an island well known for its beauty queens, with TV stations interrupting regular programming to show testimony.

 Rebollo cited several incidents including Caride's refusal to have her hair color or style altered; a newspaper interview in which she gave only terse answers to questions and said she did not love cameras; and a failure to appear on a local TV entertainment program because she said traffic made it too hard to reach the studio.

A shoe sponsor also declined to work with her despite having paid for the right to use Caride's image because they considered her a 'risk' given her behavior, according to testimony.

Caride, winner pageant of Miss Puerto Rico Universe declares in favor to recover the title on July 21, 2016 in San Juan, Puerto Rico, but a judge has now said 'her dismissal was justified'


Desiree Lowry, national director of Miss Universe Puerto Rico, testified that she asked Caride to call the newspaper reporter after the interview and apologize for her behavior.
'She looked at me with a face that said, "Are you serious?'' Lowry said.

In addition, Lowry testified that Caride refused to go to the salon that PR Crown Entertainment employed and used her own stylist instead.

At trial, Caride defended her decision and accused salon employees of disrespecting her.
'I'm not going to a place where I'm not wanted,' she said.  'I'm not going to a place where they are constantly rubbing in my face the Miss Universe candidate from San Juan. It's not my fault that girl didn't win.'

Caride lost her Miss Universe Puerto Rico 2016 title in March and was replaced by first runner-up Brenda Jimenez for the upcoming Miss Universe pageant. 

Caride apologized at the time, saying beauty queens have bad days too and she had erred by letting her feelings come before her job.

It was the first time a Puerto Rico Miss Universe contestant has lost her crown before the big event is held.

Miss Puerto Rico 1994, Brenda Robles, was dismissed during that year's pageant because she was pregnant.

Source: The Daily Mail UK, 9/13/2016

 

9.12.2016

Miss Arkansas Savvy Shields Is Crowned Miss America 2017


Miss Arkansas Savvy Shields waves to the crowd after being named Miss America 2017
in Atlantic City on Sunday, Sept. 11, 2016. (AP Photo/Noah K. Murray)


ATLANTIC CITY, N.J. (AP) — Miss Arkansas Savvy Shields won the Miss America pageant Sunday night in Atlantic City and promptly delivered a message to the two leading presidential candidates: "Compromise" is not a dirty word.
Shields was asked during her onstage interview what she thought of Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton; she answered that while both Clinton and Republican Donald Trump have done a good job thus far, "they also need to watch what they're doing."
Meeting reporters after the pageant, Shields elaborated.
"What I want both candidates to focus on is compromise," she said. "Our country was founded on compromise. We're in a state now where both parties just seem to be yelling at one another."
Shields topped a field of 52 contestants to win the crown and the title of Miss America 2017, succeeding the outgoing Miss America Betty Cantrell.
Shields performed a jazz dance to a song from the TV show "Smash," for which she won a preliminary competition earlier in the week.
Shields is an art major at the University of Arkansas who wants to help people make better food choices. Her secret dream is to be a backup dancer for Beyoncé.
She also said she wants to be as accessible as possible, and urged anyone who is near her to come up and introduce themselves to her.
The outgoing Miss America Betty Cantrell (back left) crowns the Miss America 2017 winner
Miss Arkansas Savvy Shields, while Lynn Weidner (third right) assists as Miss Maryland
Hannah Brewer and Miss Texas Caroline Carothers cheer for Savvy's win. (AP Photo/Mel Evans)

The runners-up were as follows: Fourth runner-up, Miss Mississippi Laura Lee Lewis; third runner-up, Miss Washington Alicia Cooper; second runner-up Miss New York Camille Sims; first runner-up Miss South Carolina Rachel Wyatt.
The first openly gay contestant in the Miss America pageant, Miss Missouri Erin O'Flaherty, was eliminated Sunday night when the top 15 finalists were chosen.
She was the first openly gay contestant to win a state title.
Djuan Trent competed in the Miss America pageant as Miss Kentucky in 2011, when she finished in the top 10. She came out as a lesbian in 2014.
The top 15 finalists were: Kentucky; Washington; Massachusetts; Arkansas; South Carolina; Idaho; Iowa; Texas; California; Oklahoma; Maryland; New York; Tennessee; Louisiana, and Mississippi.
Sunday's finale was held on the 15th anniversary of the 9/11 terror attacks. Many of the contestants noted the solemn anniversary, professed strong support for America's armed forces and struck patriotic themes. Miss Maryland Hannah Brewer sang "God Bless America" for her talent program.
The pageant from Atlantic City's Boardwalk Hall included contestants from all 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico.
The pageant began in Atlantic City in 1921 as a way to extend the summer tourist season beyond Labor Day weekend.
Source: Arizona Daily Sun, 9/12/2016

9.10.2016

Miss Universe Guam 2016 / Miss International Guam 2016



Two new Guamanian queens were crowned on September 9th at the Hyatt Regency Hotel  in Agana. Muñeka Taisipic won Miss Universe Guam 2016 and she will compete in the next edition of Miss Universe to be held on January 30, 2017, in the Philippines. Meanwhile, second placer Annalyn Kuan was crowned Miss International Guam 2016 and will compete in Miss International 2016 pageant in Tokyo, Japan next month.

 Muñeka Taisipic 
Annalyn Kuan


Photo credit: Bert Duarte for Pacific Daily News

9.09.2016

Miss World Slovenia 2016



International model Maja Taradi was crowned Miss World Slovenia 2016 on September 8th. She will now compete in Miss World 2016 pageant to be held in Washington D.C. on December 18th. The first runner-up is Alena Music and the second runner-up is Ana Kundic.












9.05.2016

Half-Indian Priyanka Yoshikawa Crowned Miss World Japan 2016, But Not Everyone’s Impressed


Agence France-Presse

TOKYO • A half-Indian beauty queen with exotic looks and an elephant trainer's licence has been crowned Miss Japan.  Priyanka Yoshikawa's tearful victory comes a year after Ms Ariana Miyamoto faced an ugly backlash for becoming the first black woman to represent Japan, as critics complained that Miss Universe Japan should instead have been won by a "pure" Japanese rather than a haafu - Japanese for "half" - a word used to describe those of mixed race.

"Before Ariana, haafu girls couldn't represent Japan,"  Yoshikawa said after winning the title. "That's what I thought too... Ariana encouraged me a lot by showing me and showing all mixed girls the way."
Yoshikawa, born in Tokyo to an Indian father and a Japanese mother, vowed to continue the fight against racial prejudice in homogeneous Japan, where multiracial children make up just 2 per cent of those born annually.
"I think it means we have to let it in," said the 22-year-old, who speaks fluent Japanese and English, when asked what it signified for her and Miyamoto to break down cultural barriers. "We are Japanese. Yes, I'm half-Indian and people are asking me about my 'purity' - yes, my dad is Indian and I'm proud of it... But that does not mean I'm not Japanese."
Agence France-Presse
Yoshikawa, like Miyamoto, was bullied, after returning to Japan aged 10 following three years in Sacramento in the US and a further year in India. "I know a lot of people who are haafu and suffer," said the 1.76m-tall Yoshikawa, an avid kick-boxer who earned her elephant trainer's licence to spice up her resume.
"When I came back to Japan, everyone thought I was a germ," she said. "Like if they touched me they would be touching something bad. But I'm thankful because that made me really strong."
Reaction to her victory did not initially trigger any real outrage, although there was some unhappiness. "What's the point of a pageant like this now? Zero national characteristics," groused one Twitter user, while another fumed: "It's like we're saying a pure Japanese face can't be a winner."
Yoshikawa will contest the Miss World crown in the US in December.

Source: Straits Times, 9/5/2016

Getting To Know KAITRYANA LEINBACH - Miss U.S. International 2016. Beautiful. Fabulous. Vegan.




PHOTO CREDIT:CARLOS VELEZ


THANK YOU, KAITRYANA, FOR ALLOWING ME TO INTERVIEW YOU! FIRST OF ALL, HOW DOES IT FEEL TO BE THE NEWLY CROWNED MISS U.S. INTERNATIONAL 2016? AND WAS THIS THE FIRST TIME YOU HAVE EVER COMPETED IN A PAGEANT?
It was an incredible feeling to be crowned Miss US International. At the time I remember thinking “Wow, I can’t believe I made 1st Runner Up! This is amazing!!! California is going to make an excellent title holder – she is so beautiful!” I was so busy thinking about her that it took me a minute to comprehend that I was actually the winner.

This was not my first pageant, but it was my first pageant as a Miss contestant.

TELL US A LITTLE ABOUT YOURSELF, AND WHAT PROMPTED YOU TO COMPETE IN MISS U.S. INTERNATIONAL.
I am 18 and will be starting college at Louisiana State University this academic year. I have been an athlete my entire life; I am a former competitive gymnast, pole vaulter, and sprinter. I competed at the Junior Olympics in Diving, and was a member of Cheer Extreme Co-Ed Elite all-star cheer leading team. I also love school, especially the sciences and math;  I am an Academic All-American and High School All-American in three sports and plan to study Molecular Biology in college so I can go on to medical school.

I decided to compete for Miss U.S. International as a practice pageant; to be honest I never even dreamed I might win. This year I turned 18 so I transitioned from a Teen competitor to a Miss. I know that competition is very different between Teen and Miss so I wanted to maximum amount of practice this summer so that I would be prepared to compete at Miss Louisiana USA in October. (I guess that’s not happening anymore!)
PHOTO FROM FACEBOOK / GOWN DESIGNER: GASPAR CRUZ


HOW WAS IT LIKE COMPETING WITH OTHER BEAUTIFUL AND TALENTED YOUNG WOMEN ON STAGE?
It was extremely exciting for me – that was my first competition as a Miss and I loved meeting the other women, hearing about their accomplishments and plans, and sharing laughs and mirrors backstage!

WHAT IS THE MOST INTERESTING THING ABOUT YOURSELF?
I am a huge math nerd! My favorite holiday is Pi Day (March 14) and I have a special Pi Day T-shirt I always wear to celebrate it! When in 8th grade I memorized pi to the 34th decimal by making it my password on my lock screen!

IF YOU WERE TO COME BACK AS AN ANIMAL IN THE NEXT LIFE, WHAT WOULD YOU BE AND WHY?
I would be a sea turtle. I love them;  they are simultaneously majestic and serene.
PHOTO CREDIT: BRIAN MAYHEW

GOT ANY ROLE MODELS - PAST OR PRESENT?
Past role model would have to be Amelia Earhart. She was a woman who lived her life fully and on her terms at a time and in a culture this wasn’t well-regarded. She took risks  - and although they didn’t always pan out for her she paved the way for strong, independent women to do and become absolutely anything they can dream.
I have several current role models but those who made the most impact in my life have been my coaches. I have learned perseverance, hard work, team work, respect, and how to stand up for myself from these wonderful men and women and these lessons forged in sweat will inform my actions for the rest of my life.

IF I WERE TO COME TO YOUR HOUSE UNANNOUNCED, WHAT KIND OF CLOTHING WOULD I CATCH YOU WEARING? LOL!
You would definitely see me wearing athletic clothes; I have been involved with athletics since I was two years old. With all the sports I’m involved in, it’s tough to catch me without Nike Pro shorts and tennis shoes!

HOW WOULD YOU DESCRIBE BEAUTY TO A BLIND PERSON?
I would ask the person to think of how she feels when she is cold, then steps into the sun – the sunshine warming her face. How she feels when a fluffy kitten brushes against her cheek and when a symphony plays a perfect note in perfect unison. I would ask her to remember her how her heart felt when someone shared a kind word when she needed it most.
PHOTO CREDITS: KAITRYANA LEINBACH (LEFT) / JONATHAN CARTER (RIGHT)


WOULD YOU RATHER BE AN INVENTOR OR A LEADER?
While I would love to create and forge my own path as an inventor does, I suppose I would rather be a leader because I have the perception that inventors toil away in solitude and that’s not me. I love to have other people around me – I would dislike working alone all the time. If I could be an inventor in a community of inventors so we could collaborate, that would be ideal!
 
WHAT WOULD THE PERSON WHO LIKES YOU THE LEAST IN THE WORLD SAY ABOUT YOU?
They would probably say they were surprised to learn that under my sweet exterior I have a backbone of steel. I was raised with a Southerner’s manners and a Mid-Western’s no-nonsense sensibilities.
PHOTO CREDITS: KAITRYANA LEINBACH  


WHAT DO YOU READ OR LISTEN TO EVERY DAY TO GET THE NEWS OF THE DAY?
I read the Skimm everyday. I am always on the go and barely even have time to eat so I love the Skimm because I can look at it on my phone whenever I have time and can click links that will send me to a more detailed article if I find something particularly interesting! I also swipe my Dad’s Wall Street Journal every chance I get and became addicted to the New York Times while I was living in New York City this Spring.

TELL ME ABOUT A TIME WHEN THINGS FELT HELPLESS BUT YOU KNEW YOU WOULD PULL THROUGH.
Two years ago I was in a accident that shattered part of my upper jaw. I had to have major reconstructive surgery to repair it in late May. Twenty-three days later, I was to check in to compete at Miss North Carolina’s Outstanding Teen. I still had medical appliances inside my mouth holding my bones together and I thought about resigning my title. But I was bound and determined to compete despite that I couldn’t fully use my jaw. I was really worried about having a problem speaking clearly in interview, but it turned out that talent was actually the problem. My opening dance move was a standing back tuck and as I landed it, one of the medical appliances in my mouth broke off. It hurt and I couldn’t spit out the broken piece while mid-dance so I had to figure out how to smile around it while tumbling.

I remember thinking at the time “I can’t believe this is happening.  Well, after this, interview is going to be a piece of cake.”
PHOTO CREDIT: BRIAN MAYHEW


YOU WILL BE COMPETING IN ONE OF THE BIGGEST AND MOST PRESTIGIOUS PAGEANT IN THE WORLD - MISS INTERNATIONAL. HOW ARE YOU PREPARING YOURSELF FOR THE COMPETITION?
I am trying to be as prepared as possible – I take the responsibility very seriously and will do everything I can to represent the USA to the best of my ability. I am focused on eating healthy, staying strong, and making as many appearances as I can to increase the awareness of the important message of Miss International in America – peace, goodwill, and cultural understanding among all nations.

IF YOU COULD BE AN EMOJI, WHICH ONE WOULD YOU BE?
I would be the red dancing woman because I LOVE salsa dancing!   


A FEW DAYS AFTER YOU WERE CROWNED MISS U.S. INTERNATIONAL, YOU POSTED ON YOUR FACEBOOK PAGE THAT YOU HAVE EMBRACED A VEGAN LIFESTYLE. AS YOU KNOW, CRITICAL BEAUTY IS THE FIRST AND PERHAPS ONLY PAGEANT WEBSITE THAT PROMOTES ANIMAL RIGHTS AND PLANT-BASED NUTRITION, AND WE ARE ALWAYS THRILLED EVERY TIME A BEAUTY QUEEN BECOMES A VEGAN. WHAT PROMPTED YOU TO SWITCH TO VEGANISM? AND HAVE YOU LOST FRIENDS SINCE THEN? LOL.
I have been moving toward a vegan lifestyle for several years, actually. I started cutting out meat when I was 13 and found myself vegetarian with occasional fish one year later. A little over a year ago I made the commitment to total vegan eating because I found that the less meat, dairy and eggs I put in my  body, the better I functioned. After a brief adjustment period of cutting out all animal products my skin cleared up and my energy increased dramatically.

A key influence in my decision to embrace vegan eating fully is Dr. Caldwell B. Esselstyn, Jr. In the 1980’s, he was one of the first to encourage plant based eating to avoid cancer and other health problems. I am sure that he, an 82 year old Ohio physician, would be very surprised to hear that I have a huge fan-girl crush on him!

No, I haven’t lost any friends – in fact I have encouraged several friends to reduce their meat consumption, including (and most surprisingly!) my own Dad, who now joins me in making fresh juice every morning.
PHOTO CREDIT: JONATHAN CARTER

A LOT OF PEOPLE DO NOT REALIZE THAT VEGANISM IS MORE THAN JUST DIET. IT ALSO INVOLVES RAISING AWARENESS ABOUT ANIMAL CRUELTY AND EXPLOITATION, AS WELL AS CARING FOR THE ENVIRONMENT. HOW WOULD YOU CONVINCE A MEAT-EATER TO GO VEGAN?
I have actually convinced a meat eater to go (mostly) vegan – my Dad! He is so cute standing in the kitchen, juicing kale and veggies for his morning routine!

I talk to people about vegan living based on what their interest is. If its health, then I talk about the advantages of eating an abundance of food that your body loves and can more readily process. You feel so much better, lighter, and cleaner. Just everything seemed to function better when I switched to vegan eating; I lost weight effortlessly while maintaining the muscle I need to tumble and stunt in cheer.

If the person loves animals, then the benefits are obvious!

If the person is interested in the world around them, or cares about people or social justice and equality then I talk about how much easier it is on the Earth to feed its growing population with a plant based diet. For instance, it takes 54 times more water to grow a pound of beef than it does to grow a pound of broccoli.
PHOTO CREDIT: JONATHAN CARTER

So many people in the world are food insecure, even in developed countries. If the world would switch to a vegan diet then our Earth would easily have enough resources to feed everyone in abundance.
Most conflict and wars, at the heart of them, are about fighting for scarce resources – money, land, food, and the power over other people that come with those. With a vegan world, we would all have enough to eat, resources currently wasted on growing meat could be redistributed to more productive pursuits, and we could eliminate at least one reason some people are oppressed. If everyone is healthy and fed, this enables all to make full use of their gifts and live up to their personal potential.

Since Miss International’s mission is to promote peace, goodwill, international cooperation, and its Green Campaign to care for the environment, I think this message fits nicely with the organization’s message!

YOU PLAN TO INVITE A GROUP OF FRIENDS TO A VEGAN FIVE-COURSE DINNER IN YOUR HOUSE. WHAT DISHES WOULD YOU PREPARE?
By “prepare” I hope you mean order take-out! I’m not that great of a cook yet, haha!

But if I had my dream vegan dinner party I would serve Indian food.

I would start with vegetable pakora, for our main course we would have eggplant Baigan Ka Bharta, mixed veggie curry and rice, and vegan palak paneer. I love garlic naan and aloo stuffed naan so we would definitely have those! Dessert would be coconut milk, mango, and sticky rice pudding and beautiful candied, dried fruits for the final course ---that would be great! (And….now I’m hungry!!!)

WHAT DO YOU SEE YOURSELF DOING 5 YEARS FROM NOW?
I hope I am in medical school at Georgetown!


KAITRYANA'S FAVORITES


Singer/Musician – Florida/Georgia Line

 Actor – Dwatne "The Rock" Johnson

 Actress – Jennifer Aniston

 Color – Green

 Fashion Designer – Thakoon

 Perfume – I don’t wear perfume

 Flower – Orchid

 Writer – Edmond Rostand – I love Cyrano De Bergerac!

 Book – "The Book Thief"

 Movie – "Finding Nemo"

 Quote – “There are no shortcuts to anyplace worth going”

Hashtag - #IWokeUpLikeThis (;

If you want to follow my trip to Japan you can find me at Instagram:  @MissUSInternational  and  @KaitryanaLeinbach 





PHOTO CREDIT: JONATHAN CARTER




By Rafa Delfin

9.03.2016

Miss Universe New Zealand 2016




A 23-year-old teacher from Auckland who thought she'd give beauty pageants "a go" has been crowned Miss Universe NZ.
Tania Dawson took out the top prize on Saturday night at a glitzy event at Auckland's Sky City Theatre, which included guest appearances from Stan Walker, Ali Harper and Frankie Stevens.
Dawson triumphed over the competition's final five, surpassing runner-up Seresa Lapaz, 24, Tauranga-based beauty queen Larissa Allen, 25, fourth place Christchurch contestant Gabrielle Kerdemelidis, 24, and fifth place recipient, Aucklander Jade Norman, 24.
"The competition has encouraged me to step out of my comfort zone," she said.
Dawson, who is part-Filipino, said her background played a big role in taking part. "My mother spent years encouraging me to enter. In the Philippines, pageants are regarded as a family honour and there is a huge amount of respect for them.
"I thought I'd give it a go and next thing you know, I was enjoying them."
In keeping with previous competitions, the internationally-inspired pageant enabled competing contestants to receive a taste of the global competition circuit, offering annual pageant retreats overseas, in both Thailand and the Philippines.

This year's judging panel included singer Frankie Stevens, PR personality Anna Jobsz, make-up artist Samala Robinson, body confidence ambassador Areena Deshpande and make-up artist and lifestyle coach, Evana Patterson.

Source: Stuff.co.nz, 9/3/2016

CREDIT: TANIA DAWSON FACEBOOK PAGE